there is – there are

1. Use of there isthere are in sentences and questions

SingularPlural
Affirmative sentencesThere is a dog in the room.There are two dogs in the room.
Negative sentencesThere is not a dog in the roomThere are not two dogs in the room.
There is no dog in the room.There are no dogs in the room.
QuestionsIs there a dog in the room?Are there two dogs in the room?

2. Contracted forms of there isthere are

  • Contractions are only possible from there is – there’s
  • The form there’re is not used.
  • Do not form contracted forms in questions with is there/are there.
SingularPlural
Affirmative sentencesThere‘s a dog in the room.There are two dogs in the room.
Negative sentencesThere‘s not a dog in the room.There are not two dogs in the room.
There isn’t a dog in the room.
There‘s no dog in the room.There are no dogs in the room.
QuestionsIs there a dog in the room?Are there two dogs in the room?

► In informal English you will hear the contracted form there’s used with plural nouns. This is grammatically not correct.