Present Perfect Continuous
When do we use the Present Perfect Continuous?
The Present Perfect Continuous is a combination of past and present where actions begun in the past have some connection to the present in that they are continuing or there is a result in the present.
1. actions beginning in the past and still continuing – often used with since (point of time) or for (period of time)
I have been waiting for you all morning. (I am still waiting.)
I have been studying since 9 a.m. (I am still studying.)
2. recently completed actions but with a result in the present – often used with just.
You look hot. Yes I have just been running. (Running has finished but there is a present result – he looks hot.)
Sorry about the mess I have been painting the room. ( Painting has finished but the mess is a present result.)
3. Signal words
- all day
- the whole day/morning/week etc.,
- Questions with How long….?
have/has + been + infinitive + –ing
5.1. Affirmative sentences in the Present Perfect Continuous
5.2. Negative sentences in the Present Perfect Continuous
5.3. Questions in the Present Perfect Continuous