Conjunctions, connecting words and fillers in English sentences

1. Sentences with conjunctions and connecting words

althoughAlthough she’s is poor she is very generous.
andI like tea and coffee.
asAs she left I was parking the car.
As you couldn’t attend the meeting, I’ll tell you what happened.
becauseShe goes to the disco because she likes to dance.
butShe reads books, but he doesn’t like to watch films.
eitherPetra is angry with you and I am not too happy either.
We can either go to the shops or to the museum.
evenHe enjoys long walks, even when it is raining.
even ifDon’t say anything even if you think you know the answer.
even thoughIt is a very popular restaurant; even though, I don’t like it.
howDo you know how to ski?
howeverHowever we’ve lost the court case.
She studied hard for the exam, however, she failed.
ifIf I were you, I would see a doctor.
in caseTake your umbrella with you in case it rains.
in spite ofHe has lived a long time in spite of his life style.
neitherThey didn’t go to the party, and neither did I.
Neither calculators nor laptops are allowed to be used in the exam.
orDo you like tea or coffee?
otherwiseAsk someone for directions, please. Otherwise we’ll get lost.
sinceSince he’s lost his job, he hasn’t gone out much.
unlessI cannot drink tea unless there is milk in it.
whatI don’t know what to say.
whenWhen you land in Paris, send me a message.
whetherI’m going to see her whether you like it or not.

2. Fillers

When we speak continuously, we use gap fillers. These words or short phrases are said when we search for words. Here are some examples:

  • you know
  • you see
  • like
  • it’s like
  • that thing
  • ok
  • right
  • actually
  • basically
  • seriously
  • so
  • I guess
  • well
  • I mean

Sometimes people make ›sounds‹ to keep a conversation going. Try to avoid these ›sounds‹ as they are a sign of low language ability.

  • ah
  • er
  • hmm
  • um