Yes/No questions and short answers with the verb be

Yes/No questions – be (am, are, is)

Subject and verb change their position in statement and question.

  • Sentence: You are from England.
  • Question: Are you from England?

We always use the short answer, not only Yes or No, as Yes or No sounds rude on its own.

NOTE:

If the answer is Yes, we always use the long form. → Example: Yes, I am.

If the answer is No, we either use the long or the contracted form (short form). → Example: No, I am not → No, I‘m not.

VerbSubjectRestYes/NoSubjectVerb
Areyoufrom England?Yes,Iam.
Areyoufrom England?No,Iam not
‘m not.
Issheyour friend?Yes,sheis.
Issheyour friend?No,sheis not.
isn’t.
AretheyItalian?Yes,theyare.
AretheyItalian?No,theyare not.
aren’t.