When do we use the will future?
The will-future is one future tense. There are other future tenses, e.g. going to-future, Present Progressive, Future Progressive/Continuous and Simple Present.
Use of the will future
1. future actions outside the speaker’s control
We can use this for what we think of as future facts:
- The sun will rise at 6:30 tomorrow.
- Susan will be 15 next year.
2. the speaker’s predictions, assumptions
Here we use ‘will’ for what we predict, as it is the speaker’s opinion sentences often begin with: I think, I hope, I’m sure, I’m afraid.
- I think Susan will like the present we bought her.
- I hope the restaurant will have a free table.
3. spontaneous actions, offers, promises made at the moment of speaking
We often use ‘will’ when we’re talking about a decision at the moment of speaking. We are usually making an offer or promise or talking about something that we want to do.
- I’ll give you a lift.
- Are you cold? I’ll close the window.
4. Signal words
There are no unambiguous signal words for this tense, although anything with a future meaning can be used, i.e: tomorrow, next year, later on etc.,
will + infinitive
6.1. Affirmative sentences in the will future
6.2. Negative sentences in the will future
6.3. Questions in the will future