Download PDF

Short forms and long forms in the Present Perfect Continuous

How to use short/contracted forms with the Present Perfect Continuous

We often use short/contracted forms of auxiliaries in spoken English. The Present Perfect Continuous is formed with the auxiliary have. So short/contracted forms are used frequently with this tense.

1. Affirmative sentences

PronounsLong formsContracted forms
Ihave been studyingIve been studying
youyou have been studyingyouve been studying
he, she, ithe has been studyinghes been studying
we, you, theythey have been studyingtheyve been studying

2. Negative sentences

PronounsLong formsContracted forms
II have not been studyingIve not been studying
youyou have not been studyingyouve not been studying
you haven’t been studying
he, she, ithe has not been studyinghes not been studying
he hasn’t been studying
we, you, theythey have not been studyingtheyve not been studying
they haven’t been studying