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Questions in the Past Perfect Simple

1. Yes/No Questions in the Past Perfect Simple

Auxiliary Subject Verb Remainder Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n’t)
Had you lived in London before you moved to Leeds? Yes,
No,
No,
I
I
I
had.
had not.
hadn’t.
Had Susan booked a hotel room before she left? Yes,
No,
No,
she
she
she
had.
had not.
hadn’t.
Had they been in Berlin before Yes,
No,
No,
they
they
they
had.
had not.
hadn’t.

2. Questions with question words in the Past Perfect Simple

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer
How many times had you phoned before you gave up? I had phoned at least 10 times.
How long had they lived in London before they moved to Leeds? They had lived in London for 5 years.
What had he done  to be sent to jail? He had robbed a bank.

► Use had with all persons.

Use the verb in the past participle:

  • regular verbs: infinitive + ed
  • irregular verbs: 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs