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Questions in the Past Perfect Simple

1. Yes/No Questions in the Past Perfect Simple

AuxiliarySubjectVerbRemainderYes/NoSubjectAuxiliary (+ n’t)
Hadyoulivedin London before you moved to Leeds?Yes,
No,
No,
I
I
I
had.
had not.
hadn’t.
HadSusanbookeda hotel room before she left?Yes,
No,
No,
she
she
she
had.
had not.
hadn’t.
Hadtheybeenin Berlin beforeYes,
No,
No,
they
they
they
had.
had not.
hadn’t.

2. Questions with question words in the Past Perfect Simple

Question wordAuxiliarySubjectVerbRestAnswer
How many timeshadyouphonedbefore you gave up?I had phoned at least 10 times.
How longhadtheylivedin London before they moved to Leeds?They had lived in London for 5 years.
Whathadhedone to be sent to jail?He had robbed a bank.

► Use had with all persons.

Use the verb in the past participle:

  • regular verbs: infinitive + ed
  • irregular verbs: 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs