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Questions in the Past Perfect Continuous

1. Yes/No Questions in the Past Perfect Continuous

Auxiliary Subject Past Participle Verb+ing Remainder Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n’t)
Had you been waiting long before I arrived? Yes,
No,
No,
I
I
I
had.
had not.
hadn’t.
Had Susan been studying before she went out? Yes,
No,
No,
she
she
she
had.
had not.
hadn’t.
Had they been going out for very long before they married? Yes,
No,
No,
they
they
they
had.
had not.
hadn’t.

2. Questions with question words in the Past Perfect Continuous

Question word Auxiliary Subject Past Participle Verb Rest Answer
How long had you been trying to win the lottery, before you won? had been trying for years.
How long had they been living in London before they left? They had been living in London for 10 years.
What had she been doing before I arrived? She had been helping me.

► Use had with all persons.

► Use the past participle of be: been

► Add ing to the infinitive.