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Irregular Verbs by Type

Below we have divided the irregular verbs by type, so it is easier to learn them by heart.

We formed 5 groups:

  1. all 3 forms are the same
  2. Infinitive and Past Simple are the same
  3. Infinitive and past participle are the same
  4. Past Simple and past participle are the same
  5. all 3 forms are different

1. all 3 forms are the same

infinitivepast simplepast participle
bet*betbet
burstburstburst
costcostcost
cutcutcut
hithithit
hurthurthurt
letletlet
putputput
readreadread
setsetset
shutshutshut

2. infinitive and Past Simple  are the same

infinitivepast simplepast participle
beatbeatbeaten

3. infinitive and past participle are the same

infinitivepast simplepast participle
comecamecome
runranrun
becomebecamebecome

4. simple past and past participle are the same

infinitivepast simplepast participle
bringbroughtbrought
buildbuiltbuilt
buyboughtbought
catchcaughtcaught
dealdealtdealt
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
getgotgot
hanghunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
holdheldheld
keepkeptkept
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
light*litlit
loselostlost
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
paypaidpaid
saysaidsaid
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
shineshoneshone
shootshotshot
sitsatsat
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
spendspentspent
standstoodstood
stickstuckstuck
sweepsweptswept
swingswungswung
teachtaughttaught
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
understandunderstoodunderstood
winwonwon

5. all 3 forms are different

infinitivepast simplepast participle
bewas/werebeen
beginbeganbegun
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
choosechosechosen
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
flyflewflown
forgetforgotforgotten
freezefrozefrozen
givegavegiven
gowentgone
growgrewgrown
hidehidhidden
knowknewknown
lie**laylain
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
seesawseen
shakeshookshaken
show*showedshown
singsangsung
sinksanksunk
speakspokespoken
springsprangsprung
stealstolestolen
swearsworesworn
swimswamswum
taketooktaken
teartoretorn
throwthrewthrown
wakewokewoken
wearworeworn
weavewovewoven
writewrotewritten

* regular form (+ -ed) also possible