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Forming Questions in the Present Simple

1.When there is no auxiliary in the sentence then we use Do for forming questions in the Present Simple.

1.1 How to form Questions in the Present Simple

  1. A question must have an auxiliary verb.
  2. If you have an auxiliary in the sentence you must use the same one in the question.
  3. If you don’t have an auxiliary verb in the sentence, add the auxiliary verb ‘to do’.
  4. Always use the base form of the main verb after ‘to do’ in negatives and questions.

Here are some examples of Present Simple sentences with auxiliaries:

SentenceQuestion Sentence
They can swimCan they swim?
Mandy is a doctorIs Mandy a doctor?
We are English.Are you English.

 

2. Yes, No questions in the Present Simple using DO

AuxiliarySubjectVerbRestYes/NoSubjectAuxiliary
(+ n’t)
Doyoulikefootball?Yes,
No,
I
I
do.
don’t.
DoesSusanplaytennis?Yes,
No,
she
she
does.
doesn’t.

2. Questions with question words in Present Simple using DO

Question wordAuxiliarySubjectVerbRestAnswer
Whatdoyoudoin the evening?I play football in the garden.
Whendoesyour motherfinishwork?She finishes work at 5 o’clock.
Wheredoyouvisityour grandmother?I visit her on Saturdays.