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Forms of the Present Perfect Simple

How do we form the Present Perfect Simple?

We form the Present Perfect Simple with have and the past participle*
(regular verbs: infinitive + -ed; irregular verbs: 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs)

has → 3rd person singular (he, she, it)
have → all other forms

*past participle:

  • regular verbs → infinitive + ed
  • irregular verbs → 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs

1. Affirmative sentences in the Present Perfect Simple – regular verbs

  • I have finished the work.
  • You have finished the work.
  • He has finished the work.
  • She has finished the work.
  • It has finished the work.
  • We have finished the work.
  • You have finished the work.
  • They have finished the work.

2. Affirmative sentences in the Present Perfect Simple – irregular verbs

  • I have done the work.
  • You have done the work.
  • He has done the work.
  • She has done the work.
  • It has done the work.
  • We have done the work.
  • You have done the work.
  • They have done the work.

► We use has in the 3rd person singular (he, she, it).

3. Negative sentences in the Present Perfect Simple – regular verbs

  • I have not cleaned the car.
  • You have not cleaned the car.
  • He has not cleaned the car.
  • She has not cleaned the car.
  • It has not cleaned the car.
  • We have not cleaned the car.
  • You have not cleaned the car.
  • They have not cleaned the car.

4. Negative sentences in the Present Perfect Simple – irregular verbs

  • I have not taken the money.
  • You have not taken the money.
  • He has not taken the money.
  • She has not taken the money.
  • It has not taken the money.
  • We have not taken the money.
  • You have not taken the money.
  • They have not taken the money.

Contracted forms in the Present Perfect Simple