English Grammar Explanations

Grammar Terms Location on Site Examples
  • Adjectives
Adjectives Susan is a beautiful girl.
  • Adverbs
Adverbs The man walked slowly.
  • a/an
  • the
  • Articles
Articles They have two children: a boy and a girl. The boy is 10 and the girl is 14.
  • Auxiliaries
Modal Auxiliaries am playing football.
  • Conditional Perfect Continuous
Conditional Perfect Continuous would have been studying medicine.
  • Conditional Perfect Simple
Conditional Perfect Simple would have phoned you.
  • Conditional Progressive
  • Conditional Continuous
Conditional Continuous would be studying.
  • Conditional
  • Conditional Simple
Conditional Simple would buy a boat.
  • Conjunctions
Conjunctions I like tea and coffee.
  • Future Perfect Simple
Future Perfect The builders will have finished by Thursday.
  • Future Perfect Progressive
  • Future Perfect Continuous
Future Perfect Continuous will have been working here for 5 years in January.
  • Future Progressive
  • Future Continuous
Future Continuous This time next week, I’ll be lying on the beach.
  • Genitive s
  • Apostrophe s
  • Possessive s
Genitive s Sean‘s brother
  • Gerund
  • -ing form
Gerund Swiming is fun.
  • going to-future
going to-future We are going to get a new car soon.
  • if-clauses
  • Conditional sentences
  • Conditional clauses
Conditional sentences If I study, I will pass the exam.
If I studied, I would pass the exam.
If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.
  • Imperative
The Imperative Look out!
  • Indirect speech
  • Reported speech
Reported Speech Peter says that he plays tennis.
Peter said that he played tennis.
  • Infinitive
Infinitive Hillary was the first to climb Everest.
Why not buy her flowers for her birthday?
  • Long forms, short (contracted) forms
Long and short forms of auxiliaries We aren’t from London.
  • Modals
  • Modal auxiliaries
Modals You mustn’t do that.
  • Nouns
Nouns There is a hair in your soup!.
  • Passive voice
Passive voice A house was built by John.
  • Past Perfect Progressive
  • Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous I had been waiting for 2 hours when she arrived.
  • Past Perfect Simple
  • Simple Past Perfect
Past Perfect Simple When we arrived the film had started.
  • Past Progressive
  • Past Continuous
Past Continuous was watching television at 8 o’clock last night.
  • Personal pronouns
Personal pronouns We watched television.
  • Plural
Plural There are two chairs.
  • Possessive determiners
  • Possessive pronouns
Possessive pronouns That is my car.
  • Prepositions
Prepositions The shoes are under the bed.
  • Present Perfect Progressive
  • Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect Continuous have been waiting for you all morning.
  • Present Perfect Simple
  • Simple Present Perfect
Present Perfect Simple have finished my homework.
  • Present Progressive
  • Present Continuous
Present Continuous Shes talking to her friend.
  • Questions with question words
Questions with question words Where are the girls?
When do you watch TV?
  • Question tags
Question tags in English You are John, aren’t you?
  • Reflexive pronouns
  • myself, herself, themselves
Reflexive pronouns I cut myself.
  • Relative pronouns
  • who, which, whose, that
Relative pronouns My mother, who is 79, goes swimming every day.
  • Relative clauses without relative pronoubs
  • Contact clauses
Contact clauses – no relative pronouns This is the boy I met at the party yesterday.
  • Short answers
Short answers Are you English? – Yes, I am.
  • Simple Past
  • Past Simple
Simple Past We cooked a meal last night.
  • Simple Present
  • Present Simple
Simple Present I always watch the news on television.
  • Singular
Singular/Plural Here is one book.
  • Quantifiers
  • some, any, much, many
Quantifiers Are there any oranges?
  • Tenses
Tenses play tennis.
am playing tennis.
played tennis.
had played tennis.
will play tennis.
will have played tennis.
  • Demonstrative pronouns
this, that – these, those This wife and those those are my children.
  • Verbs
Verbs We play games.
  • will-future
  • Future Simple
will-future will play tennis next Tuesday.
  • Word order
Word order They play handball in the gym every Monday.
  • Yes/No questions
  • Questions without question words
Yes/No questions Are you from England?
Do you speak French?