English Grammar Explanations

Grammar TermsLocation on SiteExamples
  • Adjectives
AdjectivesSusan is a beautiful girl.
  • Adverbs
AdverbsThe man walked slowly.
  • a/an
  • the
  • Articles
ArticlesThey have two children: a boy and a girl. The boy is 10 and the girl is 14.
  • Auxiliaries
Modal Auxiliariesam playing football.
  • Conditional Perfect Continuous
Conditional Perfect Continuouswould have been studying medicine.
  • Conditional Perfect Simple
Conditional Perfect Simplewould have phoned you.
  • Conditional Progressive
  • Conditional Continuous
Conditional Continuouswould be studying.
  • Conditional
  • Conditional Simple
Conditional Simplewould buy a boat.
  • Conjunctions
ConjunctionsI like tea and coffee.
  • Future Perfect Simple
Future PerfectThe builders will have finished by Thursday.
  • Future Perfect Progressive
  • Future Perfect Continuous
Future Perfect Continuouswill have been working here for 5 years in January.
  • Future Progressive
  • Future Continuous
Future ContinuousThis time next week, I’ll be lying on the beach.
  • Genitive s
  • Apostrophe s
  • Possessive s
Genitive sSean‘s brother
  • Gerund
  • -ing form
GerundSwiming is fun.
  • going to-future
going to-futureWe are going to get a new car soon.
  • if-clauses
  • Conditional sentences
  • Conditional clauses
Conditional sentencesIf I study, I will pass the exam.
If I studied, I would pass the exam.
If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.
  • Imperative
The ImperativeLook out!
  • Indirect speech
  • Reported speech
Reported SpeechPeter says that he plays tennis.
Peter said that he played tennis.
  • Infinitive
InfinitiveHillary was the first to climb Everest.
Why not buy her flowers for her birthday?
  • Long forms, short (contracted) forms
Long and short forms of auxiliariesWe aren’t from London.
  • Modals
  • Modal auxiliaries
ModalsYou mustn’t do that.
  • Nouns
NounsThere is a hair in your soup!.
  • Passive voice
Passive voiceA house was built by John.
  • Past Perfect Progressive
  • Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect ContinuousI had been waiting for 2 hours when she arrived.
  • Past Perfect Simple
  • Simple Past Perfect
Past Perfect SimpleWhen we arrived the film had started.
  • Past Progressive
  • Past Continuous
Past Continuouswas watching television at 8 o’clock last night.
  • Personal pronouns
Personal pronounsWe watched television.
  • Plural
PluralThere are two chairs.
  • Possessive determiners
  • Possessive pronouns
Possessive pronounsThat is my car.
  • Prepositions
PrepositionsThe shoes are under the bed.
  • Present Perfect Progressive
  • Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect Continuoushave been waiting for you all morning.
  • Present Perfect Simple
  • Simple Present Perfect
Present Perfect Simplehave finished my homework.
  • Present Progressive
  • Present Continuous
Present ContinuousShes talking to her friend.
  • Questions with question words
Questions with question wordsWhere are the girls?
When do you watch TV?
  • Question tags
Question tags in EnglishYou are John, aren’t you?
  • Reflexive pronouns
  • myself, herself, themselves
Reflexive pronounsI cut myself.
  • Relative pronouns
  • who, which, whose, that
Relative pronounsMy mother, who is 79, goes swimming every day.
  • Relative clauses without relative pronoubs
  • Contact clauses
Contact clauses – no relative pronounsThis is the boy I met at the party yesterday.
  • Short answers
Short answersAre you English? – Yes, I am.
  • Simple Past
  • Past Simple
Simple PastWe cooked a meal last night.
  • Simple Present
  • Present Simple
Simple PresentI always watch the news on television.
  • Singular
Singular/PluralHere is one book.
  • Quantifiers
  • some, any, much, many
QuantifiersAre there any oranges?
  • Tenses
Tensesplay tennis.
am playing tennis.
played tennis.
had played tennis.
will play tennis.
will have played tennis.
  • Demonstrative pronouns
this, that – these, thoseThis wife and those those are my children.
  • Verbs
VerbsWe play games.
  • will-future
  • Future Simple
will-futurewill play tennis next Tuesday.
  • Word order
Word orderThey play handball in the gym every Monday.
  • Yes/No questions
  • Questions without question words
Yes/No questionsAre you from England?
Do you speak French?