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Diagram of the Present Perfect Simple

A diagram to usage the Present Perfect Simple

1. We use the Present Perfect for actions in the past which have a connection to the present. The time when these actions happened is not important.

  • I have cleaned my room ( The room is cleaned we are not concerned when it was done.)

2. We use the Present Perfect for recently completed actions with a present result.

  • I have just run a marathon (It is finished but the result – out of breath – can be seen.)

3. We use the Present Perfect for actions beginning in the past and still continuing.

  • I have lived here for 10 years