1.What are conjunctions?

Conjunctions are words that join two separate ideas, or clauses, into one sentence

Clause Conjunction Clause
I cooked some food because I was hungry

Conjunctions not only join two clauses together but they also tell us how the two clauses are related. Here are some examples:

Clause Conjunction Clause Purpose
I bought wine and she bought cheese addition
I was tired but happy to have arrived contrast
Would you like tea or coffee? alternative
We stopped because we were tired cause
I’ll phone you when  it arrives time

and, but and or join two separate ideas and must go between them, other conjunctions can change position:

  • Because we were tired we stopped.
  • When it arrives I’ll phone you.

2. Sentences with conjunctions and connecting words

Conjunction Sentence
although Although he’s very poor he is still generous.
and I like tea and coffee.
as As I arrived it started to rain.
As you couldn’t make the meeting, I’ll tell you what happened.
because He goes to the gym because he wants to keep fit.
but I read books, but I don’t read fiction books.
either I’m afraid Susan is busy and I can’t come either.
We can either go shopping or visit the museum.
even She gossips about everyone, even her best friend.
even if Take extra money on holiday even if you think you won’t need it.
even though This film is very popular; even though, I don’t like it.
how Do you know how to play chess?
however They played very well, however, they lost the match.
if If the sun shines, we can go to the beach.
in case Take your phone with you just in case you get lost.
in spite of He didn’t stop smoking in spite of the doctor’s advice.
neither They didn’t enjoy themselves, and neither did I.
Neither drinks nor food are permitted in this shop.
or Do you like tea or coffee?
otherwise Study hard for the test otherwise you’ll fail.
since Since he’s lost his money, he’s lost his friends.
unless You cannot stop smoking unless you really want to.
what I don’t know what to say.
when When you’re in town, give me a call.
whether I’m going for a walk whether it rains or not.