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be, do, have and modal verbs in the Present Simple

How to use special verbs in the Simple Present

1. be as a main verb

PronounsAffirmative sentenceNegative sentenceQuestion
II am married.I am not married.Am I married?
youYou are married.You are not married.Are you married?
he, she, itHe is married.He is not married.Is he married?
we, you, theyThey are married.They are not married.Are they married?

We often use the short/contracted forms with this verb.

2. do as a main verb

PronounsAffirmative sentenceNegative sentenceQuestion
II do housework.I do not do housework.Do I do housework?
youYou do housework.You do not do housework.Do you do housework?
he, she, itHe does housework.He does not do housework.Does he do housework?
we, you, theyThey do housework.They do not do housework.Do they do housework?

3. have as a main verb

PronounsAffirmative sentenceNegative sentenceQuestion
II have time.I do not have time.Do I have time?
youYou have time.You do not have time.Do you have time?
he, she, itHe has time.He does not have time.Does he have time?
we, you, theyThey have time.They do not have time.Do they have time?

4. Modals can, could, may, must, need, will etc.

PronounsAffirmative sentenceNegative sentenceQuestion
I, he, she, it, we, you, theyI can play football.I cannot play football.Can I play football?

► We can substitute don’t (can‘t) for do not (cannot).

Modals have the same form every time regardless the subject. We do not add an -s to the infinitive.