Download PDF

be, do, have and modal verbs in the Present Simple

How to use special verbs in the Simple Present

1. be as a main verb

Pronouns Affirmative sentence Negative sentence Question
I I am married. I am not married. Am I married?
you You are married. You are not married. Are you married?
he, she, it He is married. He is not married. Is he married?
we, you, they They are married. They are not married. Are they married?

We often use the short/contracted forms with this verb.

2. do as a main verb

Pronouns Affirmative sentence Negative sentence Question
I I do housework. I do not do housework. Do I do housework?
you You do housework. You do not do housework. Do you do housework?
he, she, it He does housework. He does not do housework. Does he do housework?
we, you, they They do housework. They do not do housework. Do they do housework?

3. have as a main verb

Pronouns Affirmative sentence Negative sentence Question
I I have time. I do not have time. Do I have time?
you You have time. You do not have time. Do you have time?
he, she, it He has time. He does not have time. Does he have time?
we, you, they They have time. They do not have time. Do they have time?

4. Modals can, could, may, must, need, will etc.

Pronouns Affirmative sentence Negative sentence Question
I, he, she, it, we, you, they I can play football. I cannot play football. Can I play football?

► We can substitute don’t (can‘t) for do not (cannot).

Modals have the same form every time regardless the subject. We do not add an -s to the infinitive.