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Be, Do and Have in the Past Perfect Simple

How to use special verbs in Past Perfect Simple

1. be as a main verb

Pronouns Affirmative sentences Negative sentences Questions
I, he, she, it, we, you, they They had been to Spain. They had not been to Spain. Had they been to Spain?

2. do as a main verb

Pronouns Affirmative sentences Negative sentences Questions
I, he, she, it, we, you, they She had done the work. She had not done work. Had she done the work?

3. have as a main verb

Pronouns Affirmative sentences Negative sentences Questions
I, he, she, it, we, you, they He had had a sleep. He had not had a sleep. Had he had a sleep?

► We sometimes use short/contracted forms for had with affirmative or negative sentences.